In February 2001, some of these images were featured in the International Artists Images of Eyes Gallery http://www.imagesofeyes.com .
Robin Whittle 28 January 2000 firstname.lastname@example.org
Yesterday a friend in Pennsylvania sent me five Valentines Day cards. A big kiss to you my special friend!! The two with post dates are from 1911 and 1914, and another is copyright 1910.
Beside each low resolution image are links to large images including
one of the back of the card. There are also some detail images of
the card and the stamp and postmark. Some of the images are very
large in terms of pixels and file-size. These can be viewed on
browser, but you will need to scroll around. The idea is you can
download them, edit them and make your own cards with an ink jet
The file names contain the image size in horizontal and vertical
Instructions for downloading files: For Netscape Communicator, to download, hold Shift and click the link. To save an image (again with Netscape) click the right button on your pointer device (trackball, mouse . . .) on the image, and you will have the option to save it wherever you like on your hard disk. These don't work with MS Internet Explorer 5, but if you shift click on a link, you get the image in a separate browser window, and you can File: Save it from there. So how do you save an image you see in a web page with MSIE? Run Netscape!
I have always had a fetish for printing. I especially like objects – human-made and otherwise – which reveal more detail the closer you look at them. I will enjoy looking at these with my stereo zoom microscope! If you don't mind downloading large files, you can have a microscope-like view on your screen.
I have determined that most video monitors typically have an exponential brightness curve, so 50% grey in an image file produces (for instance) only 22% of the light of 100% white. Scanners and the voltage output of VGA cards is perfectly linear (unless you have gamma correction on your PC or when scanning) and so the mid-tones of images appear darker on screen than they should. Consequently, on your screen, these images probably look a bit richer and have more contrast than they do in real life. For instance, on the last card, in real life the card's outside "white" area is dimmer than I see it on my screen, and the darkest brown in the hat is lighter than on screen. (I scanned these with a 600DPI Umax Astra 1200S scanner. I modified it with reflectors to illuminate the artwork from the opposite angle to the light as well, to reduce shadowing with non-flat items.)
|Fixing a broken heart indeed! An extraordinary
and the one below are printed in Saxony – which as best I can tell is
and north-central Germany. Lower Saxony seems to be in the north,
so Saxony might be just north-east of Frankfurt, which I understand has
long been a centre of printing and other technologies.
I haven't counted carefully, but I estimate there are about 12 colours of ink used in this card. I imagine it is lithography, because I see no evidence of any impression which would probably have been made by letterpress. Perhaps this and the other cards are "chromolithographs". Some of the colours are only in a few places, making letterpress especially prone to leaving an impression. I don't think it is gravure, since there is no continuous tone of ink, and the ink is plastered on quite thickly.
This was almost before photographic separation of colour photographs or illustrations. (See another section of this Show and Tell department for a 1913 example and a link to an online book and museum of printing and photographic techniques). The artwork was evidently 12 or so separate images, each manually created. The registration is good. There must have been a great deal of trial and error with the artwork and ink colours – and some interesting decisions on what order to print the colours.
All these cards apart from the second last have been embossed after printing.
This was sent to Miss Anna E. March of Millersville, Pennsylvania on 13 February 1914.
|Evidently from the same manufacturer in Saxony, this card
specific postal rates: "Domestic One Cent, Foreign Two Cents". I
think this indicates it was printed for the US market. By
a single image for one colour of ink, the front of the card could be
for any language.
This card has an earlier catalogue number than the first. One ink colour is gold.
|This one has a simple, welcoming design with lots of
was sent to Lillie Goshert of Hopeland Pennsylvania, from Haefferstown,
on 15 February 1911.
A copyright notice below the stamp reads: "COPR. E. NASH 1910".
|This card has a stuck-on hot-pink heart with little shards of very fine broken glass for glitter, and a neat red satin ribbon.|
|Your analysis, Dr Spock??|